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Society & Social Issues > Culture

Royal Contributions to Temples by Nadar councils – II

There are two versions of folk belief based on Valamgai system:

One is Chola King ordering the 7 brothers of Nadar tribe to do services for the dam across Cauvery, who refused to obey the order citing their royal soveriegnity. On refusal the King ordered to kill the brothers but one by one. But the first head and the subsequent head also affirmed their royal sovereignity even after getting killed. On seeing this the King was freightened and left the other brothers,. These brothers mythically developed large Palmyrah Groves with grace of Badrakaliamman and Lord Siva for prosperity. Another version goes with a story similar line with a Pandya King ordering to severe the heads of seven brothers who refuse to obey King dictum to carry mud on their head.


In the plains of the chOza kingdom is the town eyinanUr. The fertility of that land was shown out with the long grown sugar canes bending down to hand shake with the rice plant that grew targeting the sky. To make the eyinanUr enter the history came EnAthin^Athar in the Iza tradition as a commander in the king's army. His sword would talk his valor, but his heart would talk the grace of Ash smeared Lord. The heaps of material that came appreciating his flawless valor was ever meant by him for serving the needs of the devotees of the Lord who enjoys the devotion of the two who in vein tried to find Its limits.

Madurai Kshathirya Pandiars shift to ThenPandi Seemai:

Says R. Sundaravel, former secretary of the Temple Governing Committee, “Veerasekara Cholan waged a battle against King Chandrasekera Pandyan, who sought the help of King of Vijayanagar Kingdom. The Archaeological Officer, C. Santhalingam, says that King Chandrasekera Pandyan and Veerasekara Cholan might be legendary characters or little chieftains as there is no proper record for their presence. Mr. Santhalingam says that Nagama Nayak was sent to control the riots between Madurai and Tirunelveli. Later, Viswanatha Nayak established the rule with the consent of Vijayanagar. When Nayaks established rule in Madurai , Pandya king and his kin left the kingdom and joined their relatives in Kayatharu, Tenkasi and Tirunelveli.

Nayak rule: Following which, Nagama Nayak came down to the city and established his rule here. Disappointed, the Pandya King again sought the help of Vijayanagar King, who again sent Viswanatha Nayak to arrest his father Nagama Nayak in Madurai . But later looking at the sorry state of the country, Viswanatha Nayak declared himself king the Madurai country and imposed ‘deshaprashtam’ (they should not mingle with people and suffered ostracism) on the Pandya king and his family members, Mr. Sundaravel says. Moving far and wide, the members of the community (later known as Nadars meaning people who ruled the country) collected a tax called ‘magamai’ from the community and established their own educational institutions and temples as they were not allowed to enter the common temple, he claims.

Later , the suppressed community from several parts of the southern districts came to Madurai to sell its produce and products. Meanwhile to escape from the thieves, the traders built ‘pettai’ (‘keezha pettai’ near the temple and ‘mela pettai’ or ‘veli pettai’ near old Chokkanathar Temple ) and installed the statue of Vinayagar in 1700 AD.

The community council' royal establishment started with ‘ Mottai Vinayagar Temple on East Masi Street .’ Lord Ganesha is always identified with elephant-head and trunk. But, here the deity at the temple has no head, hands or legs. Popularly known as ‘Mottai Vinayagar,’ its history, though not documented, is believed to belong to the period of King Chandrasekera Pandyan in 1530 AD.

Bsram B


I am a writer.

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