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Society & Social Issues > Culture

Royal Contributions to Temples by Nadar councils – I

Royal Contributions to Temples by Community Councils

From the 16th to 19th century AD, the Nadars had to struggle under the Caste system . While in Kumari district, great Fights like "The Temple Entry Movement, was one way of stuggle and reformations by Ayya Vaikuntar, Narayanasamy temples and formation of Nadar Councils’ committes in Nadars Settlements are considered the revolutionary social concepts to work for regaining the royal lineage of Sathiriya Sovereignity.

As part of Nadars's claim to rights for temple entry they exhibited the princely characters and qualities in noteworthy contribution to several temples across the Tamil Country, in acquiring places for mercatilism and domicile around Car Street. Participation in Car Festivals with Parvittam, spending mighty wealth in Temple architectures, Statues, building Rajagopurams.


When Nadars from The Theri-forests of Thirunelveli area formed settlements in the various villages and towns in Northern area ( Kamudhi, Sattur, Aruppukottai, Bodi, Pattiveeranpatti, Thirumangalam, Palaympatti, Theni, Virudhunagar, Sivakasi, Kovilpatti and various other villages) with deep believers in Saktha Worship, they started construction of grand temple premises with Vedic gopurams in every village and towns with Nadar community councils especially for the Demonic Gods for both Central and Peripheral Folk Deities such as Mutharamman (MuthuMalaiyamman), Kaliamman, Mariamman, Ayyanar, Karuppasamy, Sudalai Madsamy for their own society and families.

To look after the routine affairs, like conducting daily poojas and sponsoring annual festivals committee comprising from various sections of Nadar soceity was constituted which are now commonly called as Councils (uravinmurai) and a special committee called Devasthanam Committees.

The council managed temples with the funds and properties for these temples are donated by so many common people and function well without seeking any support from Government. The councils such as Cotton Merchants Dharma Nidhi Council and Multi Product Merchants Dharma Nidhi Council were initiated as early in 1840 in the Mercantile village of Virudhupatti .

Rediscovering the Strengths of Oriental Sathiriya Cultural Heritage:

Family values, traditions, Family associations and community Folk life gains prominence in the eastern world.

Valangiar Olai

The Valamkaimaalai is an ancient palm-leaf text (also in copper plates as known to be preserved in some temples in south India), written in early Tamil in between 7th and 9th century A.D by a sage and warrior 'Enathi Nayanar'. This describes the history of Nadars almost from 2000 B.C of their various war triumphs all over India . This also describes the story of 'Saptha Matrikaas' and goddess 'Kaali' as depicted in many Hindu temples in India . This also narrates the folk belief about Nadar community.

Bsram B


I am a writer.

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