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Society & Social Issues > Politics


Till 1921 a vigorous campaign was undertaken and phamphlets were distributed claiming that community belongs to race of Sun God and they have royal sovereignity accompanied to their original race wherein they belong to Rajput warrior tribe or Kshatriyas.

The word Shanar was abandoned officially the Government and the Nadar was recognized by gazette record.. The Justice Party government adopted the term Nadar in all public records from 1921 census, with the active pursuit by Nadar Federations but failed to acquire Kshatriya Status in official records.

Robert Caldwell’s assertion that the Shanars of Tamilnadu were of non-Aryan origin was decried initially by the educated members of the community who claimed to belong to the same Aryan brotherhood as others.

The Shanars, later listed in 1921 census as NADARs “in deference of the wishes of the Nadar Community”, made many attempts to acquire kshatriya status in the official records, but their claims were considered to be absurd and based on fictitious claims of Rajputs of Aryanness.

However courts upheld the right of temple managers to exclude Nadars from the temples.

When a few Nadars entered the MeenakshiSundareswarar temple at Kamuthi to perform rituals appropriate to their social status, a legal dispute ensued taken up by Baskara Sthupathi, the king of Ramnad and the colonial courts ruled that since the Nadars’ claim to be Aryans could not be sustained, inspite of the Nadars themselves saying so, their status as kshthatriya could not be accepted.

1910-37 Nadar Mahajana Sangam appointed about nine numbers of community service oriented touring agents to propogate the concept of supporting total prohibition, turning away from toddy & arrack trade, effort to involve community members in agriculture, trade and form community supported schools in several villages.

1937: Prohibition Act was introduced in madars Presidency putting an end to liquor habits of the people then.

1948, Total Prohibition act was enacted prohibiting the toddy tapping and toddy trading, by which time a vast majority of the Nadar community had no connection with the business of Toddy and arrack and absolutely free from liquor habits

1951: The Indian Government decided not to undertake Jati based Census putting an end to the upward mobility ambition of various jati groups. In the later census Jati groups started clamouring for lower social strata aiming for reservations in government jobs and low moral values

Bsram B


I am a writer.

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